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Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation - Year 5

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Details of content introduced at Year 5.


  • Converting nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (eg. -ate, -ise, -ify)
  • Verb prefixes (eg. dis-, de-, mis-, over-, and re-)


  • Relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or an omitted relative pronoun
  • Indicating degrees of possibility using adverbs (eg. perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (eg. might, should, will, must)


  • Devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (eg. then, after that, this, firstly)
  • Linking ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time (eg. later), place (eg. nearby) and number (eg. secondly) or tense choices (eg. he had seen her before)


  • Brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis
  • Use of commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity


  • modal verb, relative pronoun
  • relative clause
  • parenthesis, bracket, dash
  • cohesion, ambiguity

Words in bold can be found in our glossary