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Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation - Year 3

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Detail of content introduced at Year 4


  • Formation of nouns using a range of prefixes (eg. super-, anti-, auto-)
  • Use of the forms a or an according to whether the next word begins with a consonant or a vowel (eg. a rock, an open box)
  • Word families based on common words, showing how words are related in form and meaning (eg. solve, solution, solver, dissolve, insoluble)


  • Expressing time, place and cause using conjunctions (eg. when, before, after, while, so, because), adverbs (eg, then, next, soon, therefore), or prepositions (eg. before, after, during, in, because of)


  • Introduction to paragraphs as a way to group related material
  • Headings and sub-headings to aid presentation
  • Use of the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past (eg. He has gone out to play contrasted with He went out to play)


  • Introduction to inverted commas to punctuate direct speech


  • preposition, conjunction
  • word family, prefix
  • clause, subordinate clause
  • direct speech
  • consonant, consonant letter vowel, vowel letter
  • inverted commas (or 'speech marks')

Words in bold can be found in our glossary