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Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation - Year 1

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Details of content to be introduced at Year 1:


  • Regular plural noun suffixes -s or -es (eg. dog, dogs; wish, wishes), including the effects of these suffixes on the meaning of the noun
  • Suffixes that can be added to verbs where no change is needed in the spelling of root words (eg. helping, helped, helper)
  • How the prefix un- changes the meaning of verbs and adjectives (negation, for example, unkind, or undoing; untie the boat)


  • How words can combine to make sentences
  • Joining words and joining clauses using and


  • Sequencing sentences to form short narratives


  • Separation of words with spaces
  • Introduction to capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
  • Capital letters for names and for the personal pronoun I

Terminology for pupils

  • letter, capital letter
  • word, singular, plural
  • sentence
  • punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark


Words in bold can be found in our glossary.